The water in Alange is the undisputed star of the natural environment, not only because the area is lavished with sources, wells and springs with special characteristics, but also for the proximity of the reservoir, and rivers that discharge their waters into it.
The Springs. Among the local springs are worthy of special mention the Jarilla Spring (whose waters are the most appreciated by the people as a source of drinking water), the Balneario Spring (the spring that supplies the spa resort), the spring at Huerto Moral and Orchard Spring, “The Joruga”. All these springs in Alange make one of the richest towns in Extremadura for unchlorinated water.
The Rivers. The town is surrounded by rivers that provide water to its reservoir, such as the Matachel (a tributary of the Guadiana), the San Juan, the Palomillas, the Valdemedel, and the Bonhabal, all of them, in turn, tributaries of the Matachel
The Reservoir. This is the most modern construction that has been carried out in Alange. It is located west of the village, with a reservoir floor area of 50 km2 and a capacity of 852 cubic hectares. It collects water from the aforementioned rivers, for irrigation, water supply and electricity.
The reservoir allows recreational and tourist use of its waters, opening up a wide range of possibilities in adventure and watersports for visitors who want to experience new sensations in a natural setting.
The Rocks (“The Canchos”). Known by the term “cancho”, these rocky outcrops that dot the town creating unusual landscape features have become a hallmark of the town. Among the most distinctive are the Pillory, the Canchos of the Bulls, the Lovers’ Cancho, the Piedra del Lobo (the Stone of the Wolf) and the Pata del Buey (the Ox’s Hoof), a rocky platform, arranged as a garden and a lookout viewpoint for the reservoir, located south of the town in a specially protected environmental zone.
Flora. Alange, because of its climate and natural environment, has a vast botanical wealth. Within its huge diversity, we can cite several orchid species (one endemic in Extremadura that has its entire global population in Alange), lilies, hawthorns, the strawberry tree, the Cornicabra, the Acebuche and the Hackberry.
Fauna. The diversity of habitats around Alange makes possible the existence of a rich and varied fauna. Among the most important species include:
Birds – Birds of Prey include: Bonelli’s Eagle, the Eagle Owl, the Little Owl and Montagu’s Harrier. The immediate vicinity of the dam increasingly favours the arrival of a large community of waterfowl (Mallard, Shoveler, Common Teal, Cormorant, Common Goose, Heron, Kingfisher …). In the surrounding pastures and using the reservoir as a roosting ground , can be seen a stable wintering population of Common Crane. The Urban environment is inhabited by white storks, owls, swifts, swallows, common martins, etc.
Mammals – Noteworthy in this group are the carnivorous species such as Genet, Bobcat, Badger, Fox and Otter. Especially abundant in patches of scrub on the slopes of these mountains is the Wild Boar.
Reptiles and amphibians – The most common reptiles are the Bastard Snake, Horseshoe Snake, Ladder Snake, Viper, the Lizard Redstart, the Leper Tortoise and the Ocellated Lizard. Among the amphibians are the Marbled Iberian Triton, the Non-Marbled Pygmy Triton, the Newt, Green Frog, Southern frog, Spurted Toad, Iberian Midwife Toad and the Running Toad.
Fish – While foreign species introduced in the reservoir now dominate, such as pike, pumpkinseed sunfish and black bass, in rivers and tributary streams native fish can still be found such as Barbel, Boga, Teal, Loach, etc.
Companies engaged in active tourism offer many services for the more adventurous crowd: hikes through the mountains, climbing, windsurfing, sailing, guided fishing, ornithological walks … these are just some of activities being developed in this unspoilt area permeated by hiking and mountain bike trails.